Network structure of projections extending from peripheral neurons in the tunic of ascidian larva

Hiroshi Q. Terakubo, Yoko Nakajima, Yasunori Sasakura, Takeo Horie, Alu Konno, Hiroki Takahashi, Kazuo Inaba, Kohji Hotta, Kotaro Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In ascidian Ciona intestinalis, a subset of trunk epidermal neurons were shown to possess external network of neural projections. To characterize a more complete network in naturally hatched (chorionated) larvae, we visualized the structure with a confocal laser scanning microscope. High resolution images revealed the huge network consisting of several subnetworks in whole-larval tunic. We named this network the ASNET (ascidian dendritic network in tunic). The ASNET was dynamically generated and collapsed during larval stages. Interestingly, one of the subnetworks found around apical trunk epidermal neurons was bilaterally asymmetric. In caudal epidermal neurons, transmission electron microscopy revealed that 9+2 axonemes were accompanied by a vesicle-containing mass in the ASNET arbor, but the distal end of the arbor contained only the vesicle-containing fibrous mass and no 9+2 axonemes. The characteristics of the ASNET suggest that it forms a unique outer body network in the ascidian larval tunic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2278-2287
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Dynamics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug


  • Chorion
  • Ciona
  • DAPT
  • Dendritic arbor
  • Primitive neuron
  • Tunic
  • Tunicate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology


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