New model of plasma heat load on the first wall

The Joint Special Design Team for Fusion DEMO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Scrape Off Layer (SOL) plasma circumnavigates the torus along magnetic field lines, and some part of it encounters a leading edge of the first wall (FW). This leads the concentration of the plasma energy in a small area, causing a hot spot. In a DEMO reactor that deals with a few hundreds of MW of plasma energy in the SOL, the leading edge problem is a critical issue in the FW design. For the design purposes in DEMO and power reactors, a new analysis method is introduced, where a flux tube is poloidally divided into the Apple Peel Like Elements (APPLEs) and each APPLE is enclosed by adjacent 4 magnetic field lines. Considering the contact area of the APPLEs on the FW and the radial energy transport between the APPLEs, FW heat load profile can be analyzed. The result of the case that the fusion power is 1.5 GW, and the major radius is 8.2 m, shows that the heat load is peaked to about 1 MW/m2 near the inboard midplane and the baffle plate. This method is expected to be useful for the DEMO design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-270
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov


  • DEMO
  • First wall
  • Fusion reactor design
  • Plasma heat load
  • SOL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


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