New system for linear accelerator radiosurgery with a gantry-mounted video camera

Etsuo Kunieda, Masayuki Kitamura, Osamu Kawaguchi, Takayuki Ohira, Kouichi Ogawa, Yutaka Ando, Kayoko Nakamura, Atsushi Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: We developed a positioning method that does not depend on the positioning mechanism originally annexed to the linac and investigated the positioning errors of the system. Methods and Materials: A small video camera was placed at a location optically identical to the linac x-ray source. A target pointer comprising a convex lens and bull's eye was attached to the arc of the Leksell stereotactic system so that the lens would form a virtual image of the bull's eye (virtual target) at the position of the center of the arc. The linac gantry and target pointer were placed at the side and top to adjust the arc center to the isocenter by referring the virtual target. Coincidence of the target and the isocenter could be confirmed in any combination of the couch and gantry rotation. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the positioning, a tungsten ball was attached to the stereotactic frame as a simulated target, which was repeatedly localized and repositioned to estimate the magnitude of the error. The center of the circular field defined by the collimator was marked on the film. Results: The differences between the marked centers of the circular field and the centers of the shadow of the simulated target were less than 0.3 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-746
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Beam's-eye monitoring
  • Linear accelerator
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Video camera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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