Nitrogen ion behavior on polar surfaces of ZnO single crystals

Hideyuki Maki, Isao Sakaguchi, Naoki Ohashi, Shoichi Sekiguchi, Hajime Haneda, Junzo Tanaka, Noboru Ichinose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Nitrogen radicals were irradiated on the (0001) and (0001̄) surfaces of the ZnO single crystals, and the stability and the states of N ions on the surfaces were investigated by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). On the (0001) surface, many N ions replaced the O ions of ZnO during annealing in oxygen gas or vacuum after nitrogen treatment. However, few N ions replaced the O ions of ZnO on the (0001̄) surface. These results suggest that the nitrogen doping on the (0001) surface is more effective than that on the (0001̄) surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-77
Number of pages3
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Auger electron spectroscopy
  • Electron cyclotron resonance
  • Nitrogen doping
  • Nitrogen irradiation
  • Polar surface
  • Single crystal
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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