Nocturnal lagophthalmos and sleep quality in patients with dry eye disease

Aya Takahashi, Kazuno Negishi, Masahiko Ayaki, Miki Uchino, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Nocturnal lagophthalmos (NL) refers to the inability to close the eyelids during sleep, which is known to affect dry eye disease (DED) symptoms and sleep quality. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of NL and sleep quality in DED patients. We launched a survey website to recruit 2000 Japanese. The participants were asked to answer a questionnaire about DED, sleep quality, and happiness. Participants were divided into two groups according to the presence of DED, and responses were compared between the groups. The DED group was comprised of 890 subjects (44 ± 13.8 years, 359 males) and women were predominant (p <0.001). Sleep duration was significantly shorter (p = 0.008), sleep latency was longer (p < 0.001), and sleep efficacy was worse compared with the non-DED group (p < 0.001). Furthermore, people belonging to the DED group were more frequently working night shifts (p <0.001). NL was more prevalent in the DED group (p = 0.007). Logistic regression analysis showed that NL correlated with younger age, symptomatic DED, and eye symptoms upon waking. The current study suggested that NL was associated with worsened DED symptoms and poor sleep quality. Preventative eye care for lagophthalmos before and during sleep may be helpful for DED and sleep quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul


  • Dry eye disease
  • Nocturnal lagophthalmos
  • Sleep quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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