TY - JOUR

T1 - Noise effect on the nonadiabatic transition and correction to the tunneling energy gap estimated by the Landau-Zener-Stückelberg formula

AU - Nishino, Masamichi

AU - Saito, Keiji

AU - Miyashita, Seiji

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - We study the effect of noise on the tunneling process of the magnetization in a sweeping field from the viewpoint of the nonadiabatic transition. The tunneling probability depends on the properties of the noise, e.g. the direction, the amplitude, and the relaxation time of the autocorrelation function. We investigate the tunneling probability in the presence of noise by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation numerically. We estimate the effective tunneling gap making use of the Landau-Zener-Stückelberg (LZS) formula. The dependence of the gap on the sweeping velocity reproduces the corresponding experimental data qualitatively. The estimated gap has no velocity dependence for a fast sweeping field and this gap seems to give the true gap. However, we show that a correction for the estimated energy gap is necessary and we propose a correction formula.

AB - We study the effect of noise on the tunneling process of the magnetization in a sweeping field from the viewpoint of the nonadiabatic transition. The tunneling probability depends on the properties of the noise, e.g. the direction, the amplitude, and the relaxation time of the autocorrelation function. We investigate the tunneling probability in the presence of noise by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation numerically. We estimate the effective tunneling gap making use of the Landau-Zener-Stückelberg (LZS) formula. The dependence of the gap on the sweeping velocity reproduces the corresponding experimental data qualitatively. The estimated gap has no velocity dependence for a fast sweeping field and this gap seems to give the true gap. However, we show that a correction for the estimated energy gap is necessary and we propose a correction formula.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.65.014403

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.65.014403

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85038315784

SN - 1098-0121

VL - 65

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

JF - Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

IS - 1

ER -