Non-Abelian Alice strings in two-flavor dense QCD

Yuki Fujimoto, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Quark-hadron continuity with two-flavor quarks that was proposed recently connects hadronic matter with neutron P23 superfluidity and two-flavor dense quark matter. This two-flavor dense quark phase consists of the coexistence of the 2SC condensates and the P-wave diquark condensates of d-quarks, which gives rise to color superconductivity as well as superfluidity. We classify vortices in this phase. The most stable vortices are what we call the non-Abelian Alice strings, which are superfluid vortices with non-Abelian color magnetic fluxes therein, exhibiting so-called topological obstruction, or a non-Abelian generalization of the Alice property. We show that a single Abelian superfluid vortex is unstable against decay into three non-Abelian Alice strings. We discover that a non-Abelian Alice string carries orientational moduli of the real projective space RP2 corresponding to the color flux therein in the presence of the P-wave condensates alone. We calculate Aharanov-Bohm (AB) phases around the non-Abelian Alice string, and find that the 2SC condensates and string's orientational moduli must be aligned with each other because of single-valuedness of the AB phases of the 2SC condensates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054002
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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