Nonvolatile Si quantum memory with self-aligned doubly-stacked dots

Ryuji Ohba, Naoharu Sugiyama, Ken Uchida, Junji Koga, Akira Toriumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a novel Si dot memory whose floating gate consists of self-aligned doubly stacked Si dots. A lower Si dot exists immediately below an upper dot and lies between thin tunnel oxides. It is experimentally shown that charge retention is improved compared to the usual single-layer Si dot memory. A theoretical model considering quantum confinement and Coulomb blockade in lower Si dot explains the experimental results consistently, and shows that charge retention is improved exponentially by lower dot size scaling. It is shown that the retention improvement by lower dot scaling is possible, keeping the same write/erase speed as single dot memory, when the tunnel oxide thickness is adjusted simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1392-1398
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Coulomb blockade
  • Doubly-stacked
  • Memory
  • Nanocrystal
  • Nonvolatile
  • Quantum confinement
  • Quantum dot
  • Self-align
  • Si

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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