Medical decision-making involving elderly people with dementia often troubles care providers in Japan. Meanwhile, little attention has been paid to the routine medical care of nondementia illnesses in such patients. To understand the current situation surrounding the issue, we conducted a postal survey with nursing home directors across the nation. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 1,117 randomly selected nursing homes, one third of all such facilities in Japan, and 502 (44.9%) responded. Of the respondents, 291 (58.0%) said more than a half of their residents have difficulties in daily life because of dementia. Less than 20% of the facilities said that they routinely confirm residents' preferences in writing when they are admitted concerning each of the following items; terminal care, medical information disclosure, leaving a will, funerals and application for the guardian system. 206 (41.0%) facilities have difficulties in finding a hospital for the elderly with dementia when necessary. The Mann-Whitney U test showed no significant relation between facilities' characteristics and their difficulties in finding a hospital that would admit demented patients. At present, a number of nursing homes confirm their residents' preferences only some time after they are admitted. However, the way of confirming seems inappropriate under the circumstances in which more than a majority of residents have difficulties in daily life due to dementia. Though more than a half of nursing homes have difficulties in finding a hospital that would admit dementia patients, no significant relation was found between the difficulties and the facility-hospital relation. The problem seems to lie in the acceptance mechanism of hospitals.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Sept|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology