Oblique detonation wave stability around a spherical projectile by a high time resolution optical observation

Shinichi Maeda, Jiro Kasahara, Akiko Matsuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Spherical projectiles were launched into detonable mixtures over a wide range of projectile velocities from near to about 1.8 times the Chapman-Jouguet (C-J) velocity. Oblique detonation waves (ODWs) and shock-induced combustions (SICs) stabilized around the projectiles were visualized with high time and high spatial resolutions using the Schlieren technique and a high-speed camera with a 1-μs frame speed. Unsteady wave structures called Straw Hat type structures consisting of a SIC region followed by a C-J ODW were observed near stabilizing criticalities of a C-J ODW, and they were divided into two propagation types, depending on whether the C-J ODW could be stabilized [11,12,14]. In the present study, we suggested wave structures of the Straw Hat types based on our examination of dozens of continuous images. Triple points were observed at the intersection of a bow shock, a C-J ODW and a transverse detonation or shock wave when projectile velocities were slightly higher than C-J velocities. Onsets of local explosions in the SIC region for stabilizing the ODW in the Straw Hat type structures have been reported [14]. We observed this stabilizing mechanism by visualizing onsets of periodical local explosions and their transition to spherical detonation waves when the projectile velocity was much higher than the C-J velocity. We also determined stabilizing criticalities using a stoichiometric acetylene-oxygen mixture diluted with argon or krypton in 50% or 75% volumetric fractions, respectively. We found that the stabilizing criticalities did not depend only on the ratio of the projectile diameter and the cell size of the mixture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-896
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb


  • Detonation initiation
  • High-speed camera
  • Hypersonic projectiles
  • Oblique detonation waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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