Parallel upper critical field of niobium/graphite bilayers

Toshiharu Kubo, Yoshiko F. Ohashi, Takeshi Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The influence of the superconducting proximity effect to the upper critical field (HC) in niobium/graphite bilayers was studied and related to the ratio T*C/TCS: T*C and TcCS are the transition temperature of Nb/KG film and that of Nb film respectively. The thickness of niobium (Nb) film was controlled about 40 nm, and that of graphite (kish graphite: KG) film ranged from 120 nm to 140 nm. For making a specimen, Nb was deposited on a KG film and a quartz glass substrate simultaneously, and magnetic field was applied parallel to the Nb/KG interface. HC of Nb/KG film (H*C) lowered from that of Nb film (HCS) at all temperatures within this work, and the value of ΔH C defined as HCS-H*C showed different temperature dependence among samples, depending on whether T*C/TCS1.00 < or ≧ 1.00. This behavior of HC suggests the additional existence of the interference of electrons in the clean KG film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr 1


  • Graphite
  • Niobium
  • Proximity effect
  • Superconductor
  • Upper critical field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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