Parental Caregiving and Employment among Midlife Women in Japan

Saeko Kikuzawa, Ryotaro Uemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we examine how parental caregiving affects women’s employment in Japan. Drawing on the 2005–2014 Longitudinal Survey of Middle-Aged and Elderly Persons, we estimate logistic regression models for the employment status of middle-aged women in various types of employment as a function of caregiving intensity to examine when and in what context caregivers’ employment may be at risk for Japanese women. The results showed that working women who began providing 5 or more hours of care per week were significantly more likely to leave their jobs than non-caregiving women; those who began providing fewer than 5 hours of care per week did not show this likelihood. Among women in regular employment, those who began to provide 5 or more hours of care per week and those who provided care in the previous year were more likely to stop working or change jobs than their non-caregiving counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-118
Number of pages12
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • Japan
  • employment
  • labor market
  • middle-aged women
  • parental caregiving

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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