Patterns of visiting nurse services for older adults in Japanese residential facilities: A latent class analysis

Yuriko Mashida, Hiroki Fukahori, Sumie Ikezaki, Sakiko Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: To examine the patterns of the visiting nurse services provided to older adults in a type of residential facility in Japan and to identify associated factors. Methods: This secondary analysis used past survey data from visiting nurse service agencies providing services to older adults in residential facilities with few nurses, known as non-specified facilities in Japan. Approximately 515 cases were used to determine the patterns of visiting nurse services using latent class analysis. Multinomial logistic regression analysis examined the relationships between identified classes, residents' characteristics, facilities, and services provided by visiting nurses. Results: Three service patterns were identified as follows: Class 1, observational and follow-up care (37.1%); Class 2, chronic disease care (35.7%); and Class 3, end-of-life care (27.2%). Class 1 comprised fewer nursing services than the other classes and primarily involved the observation of medical conditions, whereas Classes 2 and 3 involved higher care-need levels and provided diverse nursing care support. Specifically, Class 3 was associated with the inclusion of family (odds ratio: 2.42) and a visiting nurse at the attached facility (odds ratio: 4.88). Conclusions: The three identified classes describe the older residents' healthcare needs. Additionally, the factors associated with the end-of-life care class suggest that older residents with these factors may have difficulty accessing end-of-life care by visiting nurses. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2023; 23: 326–333.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-333
Number of pages8
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May


  • home health nursing
  • latent class analysis
  • long-term care
  • older adults
  • residential facilities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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