Pharmacological Treatment of Schizophrenia: Japanese Expert Consensus

Hitoshi Sakurai, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Takefumi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hajime Baba, Koichiro Watanabe, Ken Inada, Yuka Sugawara Kikuchi, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Asuka Katsuki, Ikuko Kishida, Masaki Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction Conventional treatment guidelines of schizophrenia do not necessarily provide solutions on clinically important issues. Methods A total of 141 certified psychiatrists of the Japanese Society of Clinical Neuropsychopharmacology evaluated treatment options regarding 19 clinically relevant situations in the treatment of schizophrenia with a 9-point scale (1=disagree and 9=agree). Results First-line antipsychotics varied depending on predominant symptoms: risperidone (mean±standard deviation score, 7.9±1.4), olanzapine (7.5±1.6), and aripiprazole (6.9±1.9) were more likely selected for positive symptoms; aripiprazole (7.6±1.6) for negative symptoms; aripiprazole (7.3±1.9), olanzapine (7.2±1.9), and quetiapine (6.9±1.9) for depression and anxiety; and olanzapine (7.9±1.5) and risperidone (7.5±1.5) for excitement and aggression. While only aripiprazole was categorized as a first-line treatment for relapse prevention (7.6±1.0) in patients without noticeable symptoms, aripiprazole (8.0±1.6) and brexpiprazole (6.9±2.3) were categorized as such for social integration. First-line treatments in patients who are vulnerable to extrapyramidal symptoms include quetiapine (7.5±2.0) and aripiprazole (6.9±2.1). Discussion These clinical recommendations represent the expert consensus on the use of a particular antipsychotic medication for a particular situation, filling a current gap in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 1


  • antipsychotics
  • expert consensus
  • pharmacotherapy
  • schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Pharmacological Treatment of Schizophrenia: Japanese Expert Consensus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this