Purpose: Motesanib (AMG 706) is a multitargeted anticancer agent with an inhibitory action on the human vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, the platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and the cellular stem-cell factor receptor (KIT). The aim of this single-arm phase II clinical study was to assess the efficacy and safety of single-agent motesanib in Japanese patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors with prior exposure to imatinib mesylate. Methods: All patients had experienced progression or relapse while undergoing with imatinib as 400 mg/day or higher. The patients were administered 125 mg of motesanib once daily. The primary endpoint was overall response. Efficacy was evaluated according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor, and safety was assessed according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 3). Results: Of 35 enrolled and treated patients, no patient showed a complete response, and one patient showed a partial response (PR). Seven had stable disease (SD) for at least 24 months, two of whom continued to have SD for more than 2 years. The median progression-free survival time was 16.1 weeks. Motesanib was well tolerated; commonly reported treatment-related adverse events were hypertension, diarrhea, and fatigue. Anemia was the only hematological toxicity that was reported. Conclusions: One patient showed PR, and seven patients showed SD more than 24 weeks. Motesanib was found to be safe and well tolerated. The observed toxicities were consistent with Phase I study findings.
- Angiogenesis inhibitor
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)