Photoelectrochemistry of stacked-cup carbon nanotube films. Tube-length dependence and charge transfer with excited porphyrin

Taku Hasobe, Hideyuki Murata, Prashant V. Kamat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Photoelectrochemical solar cells are constructed with stacked-cup carbon nanotubes (SCCNT) on optically transparent electrodes (OTE). Three SCCNT samples with different tube lengths (long type, L-SCCNT; medium type, M-SCCNT; and short type, S-SCCNT) were electrophoretically deposited on OTE/SnO 2 electrodes to probe the tube-length dependence of the photoelectrochemical behavior. The maximum incident photon-to-photocurrent efficiency (IPCE) of 19% is attained at an applied bias potential of 0.2 V vs SCE in OTE/SnO 2/L-SCCNT. The power conversion efficiencies (η) of SCCNT-modified electrodes increase with increasing tube length. The maximum power conversion efficiency (η) of OTE/SnO 2/L-SCCNT electrode is determined to be 0.11%, which is about 6 times greater than that of the OTE/SnO 2/S-SCCNT electrode (0.018%). Molecular assemblies composed of S-SCCNT and 5,15-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)porphyrin (H 2P) prepared in acetonitrile/toluene (5/1, v/v) were deposited as three-dimensional arrays onto nanostructured SnO 2 films to further improve the photoelectrochemical response in the visible region. The composite electrode of S-SCCNT-H 2P (OTE/SnO 2/S-SCCNT-H 2P) exhibits an IPCE of 32% under an applied potential of 0.2 V vs SCE. The observed increase in IPCE is greater than that of the additive effects observed from the single component systems (viz., OTE/SnO 2/S-SCCNT or OTE/SnO 2/H 2P). Improved efficiency of the photocurrent generation is ascribed to the ability of SCCNT in promoting photoinduced charge separation by accepting electrons from excited H 2P and transporting to the collecting electrode surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16626-16634
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 8
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


Dive into the research topics of 'Photoelectrochemistry of stacked-cup carbon nanotube films. Tube-length dependence and charge transfer with excited porphyrin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this