Plasma isoflavone concentrations are not associated with gastric cancer risk among japanese men and women

Azusa Hara, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Tsutomu Miura, Motoki Iwasaki, Norie Sawada, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Shoichiro Tsugane

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15 Citations (Scopus)


The incidence of gastric cancer throughout the world is ~2-3 times higher in men than in women. Previous research suggested that isoflavones, which are structurally similar to 17b-estradiol, may prevent gastric cancer. Based on a large, population-based, prospective study, we recently reported a null association between dietary isoflavone intake and gastric cancer. However, epidemiologic studies using blood concentrations of isoflavones might better reflect the effect of isoflavones on gastric cancer carcinogenesis than dietary assessment. We therefore conducted a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study. Participants were followed-up from 1990 to 2004. Among 36,745 participantswho answered the baseline questionnaire and provided blood samples, 483 gastric cancer casesmatched to 483 controlswere used in the analysis. ORs and 95%CIswere estimated with a conditional logistic regression model. The overall distribution of plasma isoflavone concentrations was not associated with the development of gastric cancer. Compared with groups with the lowest plasma concentrations (reference groups), the groups with the highest daidzein and genistein concentrations had adjusted ORs and 95% CIs of 1.11 (0.74-1.66; P-trend = 0.6) and 0.96 (0.64-1.44; P-trend = 0.9), respectively. The results did not change when analysis was based on sex, subsite, or histological type. We found no association of plasma isoflavone concentrations with gastric cancer risk. Our data support the previously observed null association between isoflavone intake and gastric cancer risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1298
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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