Prediction of subsurface damage depth of ground brittle materials by surface profiling

Tsutomu Ohta, Jiwang Yan, Tsunemoto Kuriyagawa, Sunao Kodera, Tomoaki Nakasuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In the manufacturing of infrared optics, grinding is usually used as a premachining process for generating aspherical lens figures on brittle materials such as germanium and silicon before diamond turning or polishing. However, microcracks will be generated in workpiece materials by the grinding process. The subsurface crack depth determines the depth of material removal of the finishing processes and affects the total manufacturing time. In order to minimise the depth of finishing removal, it is important to know the grinding-induced crack depth accurately. In this paper, we attempt to predict the subsurface damage depth by surface profiling techniques. The surface roughness of ground silicon and germanium was measured by a stylus-type profilometer with different stylus geometries and the subsurface crack depth was evaluated using two different methods, namely, small-tool polishing method and slanted-polishing method. The relationship between the surface roughness and the subsurface crack depth was experimentally investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-124
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • diamond turning
  • germanium
  • grinding
  • infrared lens
  • microcrack
  • silicon
  • subsurface damage
  • surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of subsurface damage depth of ground brittle materials by surface profiling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this