Background: Prolonged QRS duration (pQRSd) on electrocardiogram (ECG) is a strong predictor of poor outcome in heart failure, myocardial infarction, and myocarditis, but it is unclear whether pQRSd also predicts poor outcomes of takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). Methods and Results: Between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012, we retrospectively enrolled 299 patients with TC (mean age, 73.5± 11.7 years; 21.4% male) from the Tokyo CCU Network database, which consists of 71 cardiovascular centers in the metropolitan area. In-hospital clinical outcomes were compared between patients with pQRSd on admission ECG (QRS ≥120 ms; n=34) and those with normal QRS duration (<120 ms; n=265). The in-hospital mortality rate for pQRSd was significantly higher than that for normal QRS duration (23.5% vs. 3.8%, P<0.001). Similarly, prevalence of ventilator use (38.2% vs. 11.4%, P<0.001), ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (14.7% vs. 1.5%, P<0.001), and circulatory failure requiring catecholamine or cardiopulmonary supportive devices (41.2% vs. 14.0%, P<0.001) was significantly higher in the pQRSd group. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, pQRSd was an independent predictor for both in-hospital mortality (OR, 5.06; 95% CI: 1.79–14.30, P=0.002) and cardiac death (OR, 7.34; 95% CI: 1.33–40.51, P=0.02). Conclusions: TC with pQRSd is associated with poor in-hospital clinical outcome. Aggressive intervention may be required to prevent severe complications in these patients.
- Prolonged QRS duration
- Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine