Prevalence and factors associated with tinnitus: A community-based study of Japanese elders

Takehiro Michikawa, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yuriko Kikuchi, Hideyuki Saito, Kunio Mizutari, Michiko Okamoto, Toru Takebayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The prevalence of tinnitus is reported to be high in older Western populations, and several risk factors have been suggested. However, community-based evidence on prevalence is limited and, to our knowledge, there is no such information from older non-Western populations. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with tinnitus in community-dwelling Japanese elders. Methods: In this community-based cross-sectional study, 1320 residents of Kurabuchi Town aged 65 years or older (584 men and 736 women; participation proportion = 98.7%) were interviewed at home in 2006, and information on tinnitus and factors associated with tinnitus was collected. We estimated the prevalence of tinnitus by age group and sex and used a logistic regression model to investigate associated factors. Results: The prevalence of tinnitus was 18.6% (men: 18.0%; women: 19.0%); there were no statistically significant differences by age group or sex. Hearing difficulty, depressive mood, prescribed medication, past/current history of coronary heart disease, and knee joint pain requiring medical consultation were associated with tinnitus. Conclusions: These findings suggest that tinnitus is common in Japanese aged over 65 years. Because the factors associated with tinnitus in this cross-sectional study are potentially modifiable, they should be thoroughly investigated in a longitudinal study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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