Profiles of institutional departments affect operative outcomes of eight gastroenterological procedures

Hiroyuki Konno, Kinji Kamiya, Arata Takahashi, Hiraku Kumamaru, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Shigeru Marubashi, Kenichi Hakamada, Hiroaki Miyata, Yasuyuki Seto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: We evaluated the association of profiles of institutional departments with operative outcomes of eight major gastroenterological procedures. Methods: We administered a 15-item online survey to 2634 institutional departments in 2016 to investigate the association of questionnaire responses with operative mortality for the procedures. The proportions of conditions met were listed according to institutional volume and classified according to annual operative cases in 1464 departments. Group A included departments with annual performance of <40 cases of the eight procedures, B 40-79 cases, C 80-199 cases, D 200-499 cases, and E ≥ 500 cases. We evaluated the number of conditions met for 10 of 15 items that could be improved by efforts of institutional departments, to assess whether the profiles of institutional departments had impacts on operative mortality. We built a multivariable logistic regression model for operative mortality with facilities categorized based on the number of conditions met and procedure-specific predicted mortality as explanatory variables using generalized estimating equation to account for facility-level clustering. We also examined how operative outcomes differed between facilities meeting nine or more conditions and those that did not. Results: We recognized meeting nine out of the 10 conditions as being a good indicator for having appropriate structural and process measures for gastroenterological surgery. The facilities meeting nine or more of the conditions had better operative mortality for all eight procedures. Conclusions: Our findings reveal that the profiles of institutional departments can reflect the outcomes of gastroenterological surgery in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-313
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Gastroenterological Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May


  • National clinical database
  • observed to expected (O/E) operative mortality ratio
  • operative mortality
  • profiles of institutional departments
  • questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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