Profiling the inhibitory receptors LAG-3, TIM-3, and TIGIT in renal cell carcinoma reveals malignancy

Kimiharu Takamatsu, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Kyohei Hakozaki, Ryohei Takahashi, Yu Teranishi, Tetsushi Murakami, Ryohei Kufukihara, Naoya Niwa, Shuji Mikami, Toshiaki Shinojima, Takashi Sasaki, Yusuke Sato, Haruki Kume, Seishi Ogawa, Kazuhiro Kakimi, Takashi Kamatani, Fuyuki Miya, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Eriko Aimono, Hiroshi NishiharaKazuaki Sawada, Takeshi Imamura, Ryuichi Mizuno, Mototsugu Oya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


A cutting edge therapy for future immuno-oncology is targeting a new series of inhibitory receptors (IRs): LAG-3, TIM-3, and TIGIT. Both immunogenomic analyses and diagnostic platforms to distinguish candidates and predict good responders to these IR-related agents are vital in clinical pathology. By applying an automated single-cell count for immunolabelled LAG-3, TIM-3, and TIGIT, we reveal that individual IR levels with exclusive domination in each tumour can serve as valid biomarkers for profiling human renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We uncover the immunogenomic landscape associated with individual IR levels in human RCC tumours with metastases in various organs and histological subtypes. We then externally validate our results and devise a workflow with optimal biomarker cut-offs for discriminating the LAG-3, TIM-3, and TIGIT tumour profiles. The discrimination of LAG-3, TIM-3, and TIGIT profiles in tumours may have a broad impact on investigations of immunotherapy responses after targeting a new series of IRs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5547
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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