Prognostic impact of tumor ureteral invasion on recurrence after radical cystectomy

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Abstract

Purpose: Several preoperative factors have been suggested to be risk factors of disease recurrence after radical cystectomy. There is no study focusing on the impact on prognosis of bladder tumor ureteral invasion in preoperative imaging. Methods: The study population consisted of 136 patients, all of whom underwent radical cystectomy during the period between 2007–2019. We excluded patients with concurrent or a history of upper tract urothelial carcinoma and who underwent radical cystectomy for other cancers or nononcologic reasons. The starting point of this study was the timing of neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radical cystectomy and the endpoint was the timing of disease recurrence. To identify the factors influencing recurrence, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the Cox proportional hazard model. Recurrence-free survival curves were constructed using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: Ureteral invasion was observed in 20 (14.7%) patients. Disease recurrence was observed in 11 (55.0%) of 20 ureteral invasion positive patients and 35 (30.2%) of 116 ureteral invasion negative patients, respectively. In the ureteral invasion positive group, clinical T and N stage were higher and hydronephrosis were more common than in the ureteral invasion negative group. According to the multivariate analysis, ureteral invasion (hazard ratio: 2.307, p = 0.016) and clinical N stage ≥ 1 (hazard ratio: 2.140, p = 0.028) were independent risk factors for postoperative recurrence. In the ureteral invasion positive group, more local recurrences were observed. Conclusion: This study suggested that ureteral invasion in preoperative imaging is a significant risk factor for postoperative recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Preoperative imaging
  • Radical cystectomy
  • Recurrence
  • Ureteral invasion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

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