Objectives The erythrocyte protein band 4.1-like5 (EPB4.1L5) regulates E-cadherin in cancer invasion and metastasis inducing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. This study aimed to investigate the biological significance of EPB4.1L5 in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Methods Retrospective analysis of the clinical records of 165 patients with UTUC (Ta-4N0M0) subjected to radical nephroureterectomy and immunohistochemical examination of EPB4.1L5 expression in those tissues. Results The median follow-up period was 62.2 months (interquartile range = 77.0). The score of EPB4.1L5 significantly correlated with tumor grade, pathological T stage, and lymphovascular invasion (all P<0.001). The 5-year Kaplan-Meier recurrence-free survival and cancer-specific survival rates were 54.1% and 59.5% in patients with high EPB4.1L5 expression, compared with 81.6% and 87.2%, (all P<0.001) in their counterparts. Multivariate analyses revealed that high expression of EPB4.1L5 was one of the independent prognostic factors for tumor recurrence (P = 0.022, HR = 2.40) and cancer-specific survival (P = 0.015, HR = 2.94). Conclusion High EPB4.1L5 expression was related to worse clinical outcome in patients with UTUC. These results indicated that EPB4.1L5 could provide prognostic information in patients with UTUC regarding epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Sept|
- Epithelial-mesenchymal transition
- Erythrocyte protein band 4.1-like5
- Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas