Prognostic significance of hypoxic PET using 18F-FAZA and 62Cu-ATSM in non-small-cell lung cancer

Tomonari Kinoshita, Hirofumi Fujii, Yuichiro Hayashi, Ikuo Kamiyama, Takashi Ohtsuka, Hisao Asamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Tumor hypoxia is believed to have a strong correlation with the resistance to chemoradiotherapy. Noninvasive evaluation of hypoxic status in tumors using molecular imaging has the potential to characterize the tumor aggressiveness. We evaluated the clinical usefulness of newly-developed tumor hypoxic positron emission tomography (PET) tracers in localized non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods: Forty-seven patients with localized NSCLC received either or both hypoxic PETs using the tracers: 18F-fluoroazomycin arabinoside (18F-FAZA) (n=45) and/or 62Cu-diacetyl-bis (N4)-methylsemithiocarbazone (62Cu-ATSM) (n=22). All received 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET tracer (n=47). We examined the correlation between uptake of three PET tracers and clinicopathological factors, and evaluated their impacts on survival after treatment retrospectively. Results: A couple of commonly-identified unfavorable factors such as presence of vascular invasion and pleural invasion was significantly correlated with higher uptake of these hypoxic agents as well as that of 18F-FDG. Larger tumor diameter, high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and advanced pathological stage were also associated with accumulation of hypoxic PETs (18F-FAZA, p<0.01; 62Cu-ATSM, p<0.04), but not with that of 18F-FDG. The patients with a higher accumulation had significantly poorer overall survival [18F-FAZA, HR (hazard ratio), 9.50, p<0.01; 62Cu-ATSM, HR, 4.06, p<0.05] and progression free survival (18F-FAZA, HR, 5.28, p<0.01, 62Cu-ATSM, HR, 2.72, p<0.05). Conclusion: Both 18F-FAZA and 62Cu-ATSM PET provide useful information regarding tumor aggressiveness and prediction of survival among NSCLC patients. We believe these hypoxic PETs could contribute to the establishment of the optimally individualized treatment of NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalLung Cancer
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1


  • Cu-diacetyl-bis (N4)-methylsemithiocarbazone
  • F-fluoroazomycin arabinoside
  • F-fluorodeoxyglucose
  • Hypoxic positron emission tomography
  • Non-small-cell lung cancer
  • Prognostic factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research


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