Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by the JC virus; the mortality rate is high and it is usually refractory to treatment. In non-HIV patients, PML occurs as a late consequence of hematologic malignancies or during prolonged immunosuppression for transplantation or autoimmune disease. We describe a 34-year-old PML patient with incomplete Heerfordt syndrome, a rare type of sarcoidosis, who had not received any immunosuppressants, including steroids, at the onset and who was clinically and radiologically responsive to the antiviral drug cidofovir.
- Heerfordt syndrome
- JC virus
- Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology