Early progressive pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is often observed in patients with heterotaxy/polysplenia especially who have an intracardiac systemic-to-pulmonary shunt. However, its etiology is uncertain and its management is not well established. There was only a Japanese report about PAH in consecutive patients with heterotaxy/polysplenia syndrome . They seemed to develop pulmonary vascular obstructive disease earlier and more severe than expected, even in cases with only pre-tricuspid systemic-to-pulmonary shunt although more detailed analysis is required.
|Title of host publication||Etiology and Morphogenesis of Congenital Heart Disease|
|Subtitle of host publication||From Gene Function and Cellular Interaction to Morphology|
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)