Quantitative prediction of catalepsy induced by amoxapine, cinnarizine and cyclophosphamide in mice

Risa Nasu, Hirotami Matsuo, Hitomi Takanaga, Hisakazu Ohtani, Yasufumi Sawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Parkinsonism can be a side effect of antipsychotic drugs, and has recently been reported with peripherally acting drugs such as calcium channel blockers, antiarrhythmic agents and so on. In this study, we examined the quantitative prediction of drug-induced catalepsy by amoxapine, cinnarizine and cyclophosphamide, which have been reported to induce parkinsonism. Dose-dependent catalepsy was induced by these drugs in mice. In vivo dopamine D1, D2 and muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptor occupancies by these drugs in the striatum were also examined. The in vitro binding affinities (Ki values) of amoxapine and cinnarizine to dopamine D1, D2 and mACh receptors in rat striatal synaptic membrane were 200 and 2900 nM, 58.4 and 76.4 nM and 379 and 290 nM, respectively. Cyclophosphamide did not bind to these receptors at concentrations up to 100 μM. Twenty drugs, including those mentioned above, showed a significant correlation between the observed intensity of catalepsy and the values predicted with a pharmacodynamic model (Haraguchi K, Ito K, Kotaki H, Sawada Y, Iga T. Prediction of drug-induced catalepsy based on dopamine D1, D2, and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor occupancies. Drug Metab Disp 1997; 25: 675-684) based on in vivo occupancy of dopamine D1, D2 and mACh receptors. We conclude that occupancy of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors contributes to catalepsy induction by amoxapine and cinnarizine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-138
Number of pages10
JournalBiopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Amoxapine
  • Catalepsy
  • Cinnarizine
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Parkinsonism
  • Receptor occupancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative prediction of catalepsy induced by amoxapine, cinnarizine and cyclophosphamide in mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this