Radiographic Shape of Foot With Second Metatarsophalangeal Joint Dislocation Associated With Hallux Valgus

Tetsuro Kokubo, Takeshi Hashimoto, Yasunori Suda, Akeo Waseda, Hiroko Ikezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Second metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint dislocation is associated with hallux valgus, and the treatment of complete dislocation can be difficult. The purpose of this study was to radiographically clarify the characteristic foot shape in the presence of second MTP joint dislocation. Methods: Weight-bearing foot radiographs of the 268 patients (358 feet) with hallux valgus were examined. They were divided into 2 groups: those with second MTP joint dislocation (study group = 179 feet) and those without dislocation (control group = 179 feet). Parameters measured included the hallux valgus angle (HVA), first-second intermetatarsal angle (IMA), second MTP joint angle, hallux interphalangeal angle (IPA), second metatarsal protrusion distance (MPD), metatarsus adductus angle (MAA), and the second metatarsal declination angle (2MDA). Furthermore, the dislocation group was divided into 3 subgroups according to second toe deviation direction: group M (medial type), group N (neutral type), and group L (lateral type). Results: The IPA and the 2MDA were significantly greater in the study group than in the control group. By multiple comparison analysis, the IMA was greatest in group M and smallest in group L. The IPA was smaller and 2MDA greater in group N than in group L. The HVA and MAA in group L were greatest, and MPD in group L was smallest. Conclusions: The patients with second MTP joint dislocation associated with hallux valgus had greater hallux interphalangeal joint varus and a second metatarsal more inclined than with hallux valgus alone. The second toe deviated in a different direction according to the foot shape. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1374-1379
Number of pages6
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1


  • hallux valgus
  • metatarsus adductus
  • plantar plate injury
  • second crossover toe
  • second metatarsophalangeal joint dislocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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