In recent years, the most common causative organism of hospital infections has been methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The major mechanism of beta-lactam resistance in MRSA is attributed to the production of a specific penicillin binding protein (PBP2'), which is a product of mecA gene, with extremely low binding affinities to beta-lactams. In the present study, we have established a rapid identification method of MRSA by sensitive detection of mecA gene using nested PCR. Nested PCR method amplifying the target DNA in two steps enhanced the efficiency of the second round amplification. By means of this method, mecA gene was successfully detected in clinical samples, such as blood, pus, sputum and feces within 3-4 hrs. Rapid diagnosis of MRSA-bacteremia is particularly important for prevention of sever systemic infection. There are some strains of S. aureus which possess mecA gene in spite of low minimal inhibitory concentration of DMPPC. In these strains expression of mecA gene is induced by contact of beta-lactams and they obtain methicillin resistance. Using nested PCR method, these latent MRSA are rapidly and certainly detectable. This method should be useful for early and effective detection of MRSA hospital infections.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Sept|
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