Reduced SHARPIN and LUBAC formation may contribute to CCl4 - Or acetaminophen-induced liver cirrhosis in mice

Takeshi Yamamotoya, Yusuke Nakatsu, Yasuka Matsunaga, Toshiaki Fukushima, Hiroki Yamazaki, Sunao Kaneko, Midori Fujishiro, Takako Kikuchi, Akifumi Kushiyama, Fuminori Tokunaga, Tomoichiro Asano, Hideyuki Sakoda

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), composed of SHARPIN (SHANK-associated RH domain-interacting protein), HOIL-1L (longer isoform of heme-oxidized iron-regulatory protein 2 ubiquitin ligase-1), and HOIP (HOIL-1L interacting protein), forms linear ubiquitin on nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) essential modulator (NEMO) and induces NF-κB pathway activation. SHARPIN expression and LUBAC formation were significantly reduced in the livers of mice 24 h after the injection of either carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or acetaminophen (APAP), both of which produced the fulminant hepatitis phenotype. To elucidate its pathological significance, hepatic SHARPIN expression was suppressed in mice by injecting shRNA adenovirus via the tail vein. Seven days after this transduction, without additional inflammatory stimuli, substantial inflammation and fibrosis with enhanced hepatocyte apoptosis occurred in the livers. A similar but more severe phenotype was observed with suppression of HOIP, which is responsible for the E3 ligase activity of LUBAC. Furthermore, in good agreement with these in vivo results, transduction of Hepa1-6 hepatoma cells with SHARPIN, HOIL-1L, or HOIP shRNA adenovirus induced apoptosis of these cells in response to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) stimulation. Thus, LUBAC is essential for the survival of hepatocytes, and it is likely that reduction of LUBAC is a factor promoting hepatocyte death in addition to the direct effect of drug toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number326
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 4
Externally publishedYes


  • CCl and APAP-induced hepatitis
  • Fibrosis
  • Hepatocyte apoptosis
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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