Reducing speed commands in interval management with speed planning

T. Riedel, M. Takahashi, E. Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Flight-deck Interval Management (FIM) is a modern airborne self-spacing technology that improves arrival route throughput and runway utilisation and increases hourly arrival capacity by up to four aircraft per hour and per runway, compared to conventional air traffic controller guided arrivals. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has been the leader in FIM research and formulated a logic that was put to an actual flight test in 2017. Despite the overall success of the project, operational deficiencies concerning the number of speed commands, which led to several recommendations for future research before operational implementation, were discovered. In this study, a new logic that implements a two-stage rule-based selection algorithm was developed to overcome those deficiencies. The proposed logic was compared to NASA's logic on an arrival in Tokyo International Airport with multiple induced error patterns. The results indicate that the new logic significantly decreases the number of speed commands with only minor aggravations in spacing performance. The results that highlight the strengths and weaknesses of both concepts are discussed, and an outlook on and ideas for future research on FIM and the proposed logic are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-215
Number of pages27
JournalAeronautical Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Air Traffic Management
  • Control Logic
  • Human Factors
  • Interval Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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