Reflections on science, technology and innovation on the aspirations of the Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction

Bismark Adu-Gyamfi, A. Ariyaningsih, He Zuquan, Nanami Yamazawa, Akiko Kato, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction (DRR) 2015–2030 offers guidelines to reduce disaster losses and further delivers a wake-up call to be conscious of disasters. Its four priorities hinge on science, technology and innovations as critical elements necessary to support the understanding of disasters and the alternatives to countermeasures. However, the changing dynamics of current and new risks highlight the need for existing approaches to keep pace with these changes. This is further relevant as the timeline for the framework enters its mid-point since its inception. Hence, this study reflects on the aspirations of the Sendai framework for DRR through a review of activities conducted in the past years under science, technology and innovations. Design/methodology/approach: Multidimensional secondary datasets are collected and reviewed to give a general insight into the DRR activities of governments and other related agencies over the past years with case examples. The results are then discussed in the context of new global risks and technological advancement. Findings: It becomes evident that GIS and remote sensing embedded technologies are spearheading innovations for DRR across many countries. However, the severity of the Covid-19 pandemic has accelerated innovations that use artificial intelligence-based technologies in diverse ways and has thus become important to risk management. These notwithstanding, the incorporation of science, technology and innovations in DRR faces many challenges. To mitigate some of the challenges, the study proposes reforms to the scope and application of science and technology for DRR, as well as suggests a new framework for risk reduction that harnesses stakeholder collaborations and resource mobilizations. Research limitations/implications: The approach and proposals made in this study are made in reference to known workable processes and procedures with proven successes. However, contextual differences may affect the suggested approaches. Originality/value: The study provides alternatives to risk reduction approaches that hinge on practically tested procedures that harness inclusivity attributes deemed significant to the Sendai framework for DRR 2015–2030.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-302
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb 13

Keywords

  • Disaster mitigation
  • Disaster risk reduction
  • Risk reduction
  • Science and technology
  • Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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