Regulation of the type I IFN induction: A current view

Kenya Honda, Hideyuki Yanai, Akinori Takaoka, Tadatsugu Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

290 Citations (Scopus)


The type I IFN-α/β gene family was identified about a quarter of a century ago as a prototype of many cytokine gene families, which led to the subsequent burst of studies on molecular mechanisms underlying cytokine gene expression and signaling. Although originally discovered for their activity to confer an antiviral state on cells, more evidence has recently been emerging regarding IFN-α/β actions on cell growth, differentiation and many immunoregulatory activities, which are of even greater fundamental biological significance. Indeed, much attention has recently been focused on the induction and function of the IFN-α/β system regulated by Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which are critical for linking the innate and adaptive immunities. The understanding of the regulatory mechanisms of IFN-α/β gene induction by TLRs and viruses is an emerging theme, for which much new insight has been gained over the past few years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1367-1378
Number of pages12
JournalInternational immunology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Antiviral immunity
  • Host defense
  • IRF
  • Interferon
  • Plasmacytoid dendritic cell
  • Toll-like receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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