Scarce data exist regarding the relation between baseline hemoglobin and in-hospital outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We studied 13,010 cases of PCI in a Japanese multicenter registry from 2008 to 2016. Patients were divided into 5 groups according to 2-g/dl increments in their preprocedural hemoglobin (from <10 to >16 g/dl). Patients with lower hemoglobin levels were older and had higher proportions of females and co-morbidities, including diabetes mellitus and renal failure, than those with higher hemoglobin levels. In-hospital complications were observed more frequently in patients with lower than higher levels. After adjustment, baseline hemoglobin was inversely associated with total procedural complications (odds ratio [OR] 0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.84 to 0.90, p <0.001), in-hospital mortality (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.87, p <0.001), and bleeding complications (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.98, p = 0.007). Categorically, reverse J-shaped curvilinear correlations were present between baseline hemoglobin and in-hospital adverse outcomes. When the reference group comprised patients with a baseline hemoglobin of 12 to 14 g/dl, patients within the lowest hemoglobin levels (<10 g/dl) were at the highest risk of total procedural complications (OR 2.57, 95% CI 2.07 to 3.17, p <0.001), in-hospital mortality (OR 3.46, 95% CI 2.34 to 5.11, p <0.001), and bleeding complications (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.70 to 3.25, p <0.001). In subgroup analyses, similar trends were observed in both men and women, and in both patients with acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery disease. In conclusion, a low baseline hemoglobin is a simple and powerful predictor of poor outcomes in patients who undergo PCI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine