Revisit of the anisotropic deformation behavior of single-crystal CaF2 in orthogonal cutting

Yuta Mizumoto, Yasuhiro Kakinuma

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25 Citations (Scopus)


A resolved stress model is presented to re-discuss the anisotropic deformation mechanism of single-crystal calcium fluoride in plunge-cut tests. The authors have investigated the machinability of CaF2 in ultra-precision cutting. However, the influence of crystal anisotropy on the brittle–ductile transition was discussed in a qualitative manner using optical microscopy and white light interferometer. Moreover, only the primary {100}<110> slip system and {111} cleavage were considered as deformation mechanisms. In this study, the ductility and brittleness of CaF2 is semi-quantitatively re-discussed on the basis of computation of the resolved stresses, by considering a secondary slip system and cleavage. The surface morphologies of the machined surface were characterized using field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The primary {100}<110> slip system is assumed to be dominant for the ductility. The brittle fracture initiated by the {111} cleavages was observed in a different manner in dependency rwith cutting directions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalPrecision Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul


  • Brittle-ductile transition
  • Crystal anisotropy
  • Orthogonal cutting
  • Resolved stress model
  • Single-Crystal CaF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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