Risk communication through community-based society organizations as local response to disaster in Bandung, Indonesia

Farah Mulyasari, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter illustrates local responses to disaster and highlights the potential role of three community-based society organizations (CBSOs) - women's groups, youth groups, and religious groups - as risk communicators in Bandung, Indonesia. A framework is modeled for CBSOs' risk communication process in bridging the gap between the local government and the community. A set of indicators in social, economic, and institutional resilience activities (SIERA), with a scope of 45 disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities covering three different disaster periods was developed to characterize the process of the delivery of risk information by these CBSOs through their activities at subdistrict and ward levels. The data were collected through a questionnaire survey method using the SIERA approach. Each CBSO leader in a ward was surveyed about their perceptions of these 45 ongoing SIERA activities and their risk information source and dissemination process. Statistical analysis was applied to determine the relationship between variables such as periods of disaster and types of SIERA activities and its attributing factors (location, population, and dynamic of organizations in their locale) in finding variations of risk communication activity that may function for communities. Five risk communication processes of the CBSOs are identified; when their perceptions and ongoing activities are compared, activities such as dissemination of disaster risk information, conveying early warnings to their peers, and involvement of the local government have been carried out by these CBSOs. This indicates that CBSOs' activities already have a certain degree of risk communication embedded in the communities. The results confirm that these CBSOs, through their social networks, can become active agents of change and bridge the communication gap between government and community. Thus, CBSOs' risk communication provides the opportunity to contribute to the overall resilience-building and disaster risk reduction as part of people-centered actions and local responses to disasters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRisks and Conflicts
Subtitle of host publicationLocal Responses to Natural Disasters
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781781908204
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCommunity, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
ISSN (Print)2040-7262
ISSN (Electronic)2040-7270


  • Community-based society organizations
  • People-centered actions
  • Religious group
  • Risk communication
  • Women group
  • Youth group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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