Risk of undiagnosed coronary artery disease associated with infrapopliteal artery occlusion from a multicenter study

Shohei Imaeda, Toshiki Kuno, Keita Hirano, Masaki Kodaira, Hitoshi Anzai, Yohei Numasawa

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with high cardiovascular mortality. Which part of PAD with lower extremities is related to coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unknown. We hypothesized that PAD including infrapopliteal artery (IPA) occlusion was associated with CAD. A total of 260 patients who have no history of CAD or the anginal symptom, complain of the claudication or critical limb ischemia and underwent peripheral angiography were retrospectively analyzed. IPA occlusion was diagnosed with peripheral angiography, and CAD was diagnosed with the coronary angiography. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of silent CAD. Among them, a total of 146 patients (56.2%) had IPA occlusion. Baseline characteristics were significantly different between two groups as to the proportions of age, male, dyslipidemia (with vs. without IPA occlusion; 72.4 ± 10.8 vs. 69.1 ± 10.2; 62.3% vs. 75.4%; 38.6% vs. 52.6%, respectively, all comparisons P < 0.05). Notably, the prevalence of CAD was significantly higher in patients with IPA occlusion (50.7% vs. 34.2%, P = 0.008). On a multivariate analysis, IPA occlusion was an independent predictor for the presence of silent CAD (OR, 1.94; CI, 1.09–3.44, P = 0.024), but aortoiliac artery occlusion (OR, 1.16; CI, 0.53–2.56, P = 0.71) and femoropopliteal artery occlusion (OR, 1.02; CI, 0.57–1.83, P = 0.96) were not. IPA occlusion was associated with silent CAD. Vascular surgeons, interventional radiologists, as well as interventional cardiologists should recognize IPA occlusion as a risk factor of silent CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-311
Number of pages5
JournalHeart and vessels
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary artery disease
  • Infrapopliteal artery
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Silent ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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