Roles of Meltrin β/ADAM19 in the Processing of Neuregulin

Kyoko Shirakabe, Shuji Wakatsuki, Tomohiro Kurisaki, Atsuko Fujisawa-Sehara

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171 Citations (Scopus)


Meltrin β/ADAM19 is a member of ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteases), which are a family of membrane-anchored glycoproteins that play important roles in fertilization, myoblast fusion, neurogenesis, and proteolytic processing of several membrane-anchored proteins. The expression pattern of meltrin β during mouse development coincided well with that of neuregulin-1 (NRG), a member of the epidermal growth factor family. Then we examined whether meltrin β participates in the proteolytic processing of membrane-anchored NRGs When NRG-β1 was expressed in mouse L929 cells, its extracellular domain was constitutively processed and released into the culture medium. This basal processing activity was remarkably potentiated by overexpression of wild-type meltrin β, which lead to the significant decrease in the cell surface exposure of extracellular domains of NRG-β1. Furthermore, expression of protease-deficient mutants of meltrin β exerted dominant negative effects on the basal processing of NRG-β1. These results indicate that meltrin β participates in the processing of NRG-β1. Since meltrin β affected the processing of NRG-β4 but not that of NRG-α2, meltrin β was considered to have a preference for β-type NRGs as substrate. Furthermore, the effects of the secretory pathway inhibitors suggested that meltrin β participates in the intracellular processing of NRGs rather than the cleavage on the cell surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9352-9358
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Mar 23
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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