Seasonal cycles of ozone and oxidized nitrogen species in northeast Asia 2. A model analysis of the roles of chemistry and transport

Hiroshi Tanimoto, Oliver Wild, Shungo Kato, Hiroshi Furutani, Yoshihiro Makide, Yuichi Komazaki, Shigeru Hashimoto, Shigeru Tanaka, Hajime Akimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The dominant factors controlling the seasonal variations of ozone (O3) and three major oxidized nitrogen species, peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and nitric acid (HNO3), in northeast Asia are investigated by using a three-dimensional global chemical transport model to analyze surface observations made at Rishiri Island, a remote island in northern Japan. The model was evaluated by comparing with observed seasonal variations, and with the relationships between O3, CO, and PAN. We show that the model reproduces the chemical environment at Rishiri Island reasonably well, and that the seasonal cycles of O3, CO, NOy species, and VOCs are well predicted. The impact of local emissions on some of these constituents is significant, but is not the dominant factor affecting the seasonal cycles. The seasonal roles of chemistry and transport in controlling O3 and PAN are revealed by examining production/destruction and import/ export/deposition fluxes in the boundary layer over the Rishiri region. For O3, transport plays a key role throughout the year, and the regional photochemical contribution is at most 10% in summer. For PAN, in contrast, transport dominates in winter, while in-situ chemistry contributes as much as 75% in summer. It is suggested that the relative contribution of transport and in-situ chemistry is significantly different for O3 and PAN, but that the wintertime dominance of transport due to the long chemical lifetimes of these species is sufficient to drive the seasonal cycles of springtime maximum and summertime minimum characteristic of remote sites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4706
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Issue numberD23
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 16
Externally publishedYes


  • Oxidized nitrogen
  • Photochemistry
  • Seasonal cycle
  • Transport
  • Tropospheric ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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