Selective Anterior Fusion Surgery Does Not Influence Global Spinal Sagittal Alignment in Lenke Type 5 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients

Toshiki Okubo, Tsunehiko Konomi, Yoshihide Yanai, Mitsuru Furukawa, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Junichi Yamane, Takashi Asazuma, Yoshiyuki Yato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design. Retrospective comparative study. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in global spinal sagittal alignment (GSSA) following selective anterior spinal fusion (ASF) in patients with Lenke type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Summary of Background Data. Few studies have assessed the changes in postoperative GSSA, including cervical, thoracic, and lumbosacral sagittal alignment in AIS patients with major thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve who underwent selective ASF. Methods. Fifty-two patients with Lenke type 5 AIS (two males and 50 females, mean age at surgery of 16.4±3.1years) were included in this study. The average final follow-up was 8.3±3.1years after surgery. The variations of outcome variables were analyzed in various spinal sagittal profiles using radiographic outcomes (pre-operation, immediate post-operation, and final follow-up). The clinical outcomes at the final follow-up were assessed using Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) questionnaires. Results. The mean Cobb angle of the main TL/L and minor thoracic curve was significantly improved after selective ASF, which was maintained up to the final follow-up. However, in all cases, the various sagittal parameters examined (sagittal vertical axis [SVA], C2–7 SVA, C2–7 lordosis, T1 slope, thoracic kyphosis, T10-L2 kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and sacral slope), did not significantly change in the immediate postoperative period, and all GSSA parameters were maintained up to the final follow-up. Furthermore, the magnitude of coronal curve correction and fused levels did not affect each GSSA parameter postoperatively. During the period up to the final follow-up, no significant clinical symptoms were observed. The final SRS-22 global score was 4.5±0.3, and ODI scored 0.8±2.4. Conclusion. Selective ASF did not influence various GSSA parameters postoperatively and could maintain excellent correction for coronal deformity with satisfactory final functional and clinical outcomes confirmed by long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalSpine
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • C2–7 lordosis
  • Global spinal sagittal alignment
  • Lenke type 5
  • Lumbar lordosis
  • Pelvic incidence
  • Pelvic tilt
  • Sacral slope
  • T10-L2 kyphosis
  • Thoracic kyphosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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