Sex-reversed correlation between stress levels and dominance rank in a captive non-breeder flock of crows

Minami Ode, Akari Asaba, Eri Miyazawa, Kazutaka Mogi, Takefumi Kikusui, Ei Ichi Izawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Group living has both benefits and costs to individuals; benefits include efficient acquisition of resources, and costs include stress from social conflicts among group members. Such social challenges result in hierarchical dominance ranking among group members as a solution to avoid escalating conflict that causes different levels of basal stress between individuals at different ranks. Stress-associated glucocorticoid (corticosterone in rodents and birds; CORT) levels are known to correlate with dominance rank in diverse taxa and to covary with various social factors, such as sex and dominance maintenance styles. Although there is much evidence for sex differences in the basal levels of CORT in various species, the correlation of sex differences in basal CORT with dominance rank is poorly understood. We investigated the correlation between CORT metabolites (CM) in the droppings and social factors, including rank and sex, in a captive non-breeder group of crows. In this group, all the single males dominated all the single females, and dominance ranks were stable among single males but relatively unstable among single females. CM levels and rank were significantly correlated in a sex-reversed fashion: males at higher rank (i.e., more dominant) had higher CM, whereas females at higher rank exhibited lower CM. This is the first evidence of sex-reversed patterns of CM-rank correlation in birds. The results suggest that different mechanisms of stress-dominance relationships operate on the sexes in non-breeder crow aggregations; in males, stress is associated with the cost of aggressive displays, whereas females experience subordination stress due to males' overt aggression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-134
Number of pages4
JournalHormones and Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1


  • Bird
  • Corvus
  • Dominance
  • Glucocorticoid
  • Social bond
  • Social hierarchy
  • Stress
  • Subordinate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Sex-reversed correlation between stress levels and dominance rank in a captive non-breeder flock of crows'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this