Significance and diagnostic accuracy of renal calculi found by ultrasonography in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria

Ken Marumo, Yutaka Horiguchi, Ken Nakagawa, Mototsugu Oya, Takashi Ohigashi, Hirotaka Asakura, Jun Nakashima, Masaru Murai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical significance and the accuracy of the diagnosis of renal calculi incidentally found by ultrasonography (US). Methods: A total of 906 subjects (639 men and 267 women) aged 18-78 years were referred for asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. Of these, 743 patients who underwent US were studied. Results: Hyperechogenic spots in the central echo complex suggesting renal calculi were noted in 195 patients (21.5%). The occurrence of hyperechogenic spots was higher in patients with 20 or more urinary red blood cells per high-power field (χ2 = 4.896, P = 0.0269) and in men than in women (χ2 = 7.101, P = 0.0077), but it was lowest in patients who were 29 years old or younger. Of these 195 patients, who were followed up for 1-161 months (average: 33.5 months), 24 patients (12.3%) needed urological management. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy was carried out in eight patients, transureteral lithotripsy was carried out in three patients, spontaneous passage occurred in 11 patients and medication for hyperuricemia was initiated in two patients (1%). Among the patients in whom hyperechogenic spots were found in the kidney by US but calculi were not visible on abdominal plain radiographs, 39 patients underwent computed tomography. Of them, 31 patients were confirmed to have renal calculi. Conclusion: The obtained results suggest that US is an effective and reliable means of detecting renal calculi in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, and in facilitating prompt urological intervention or predicting the natural course of renal calculi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-367
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sept 20


  • Computed tomography
  • Microscopic hematuria
  • Renal calculi
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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