Simulation study of mixed-impurity seeding with extension of integrated divertor code SONIC

Shohei Yamoto, Kazuo Hoshino, Yuki Homma, Tomohide Nakano, Nobuhiko Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Aimed at obtaining key physics that determine the controllability of impurity transport in the scrape-off layer (SOL)/divertor regions, the integrated divertor code SONIC has been further extended to handle three or more impurity species kinetically. The extended SONIC code has been applied to the steady-state high-beta scenario-like plasma of JT-60SA as a testbed. We first performed a Ne transport simulation on the fixed Ar-seeded background plasma. Different radiation power distribution along the magnetic field line was obtained between Ar and Ne. The Ar radiation is strong around the top region of the SOL, which is mainly due to the line radiation of highly charged Ar ions trapped by the thermal force. In contrast, the Ne radiation is strong around the high-field side near the X point, mainly due to the line radiation of Ne7+ trapped by the balance between the thermal force and the frictional force with D+ parallel flow. We performed a parametric survey of Ne seeding rate as a second step. The effects of Ne transport on the plasma are self-consistently computed. The Ne impurities are injected into the plasma with a fixed puff rate of Ar. Even a small Ne seeding rate of 0.02 Pa m3 s-1 results in lower Ar radiation power in the SOL and core edge than in the Ar-only case. This is mainly due to the high D+ parallel flow velocity towards the inner divertor in the Ar + Ne seeding case. The resultant frictional force transports the Ar impurities towards the inner divertor region. When the line radiation of Ne7+ is switched off in the simulation, such high D+ parallel flow cannot be seen. These results suggest that the line radiation of Ne7+ has a key role for the high D+ parallel flow. The results show the possibility of impurity transport control in the SOL by mixed-impurity seeding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045006
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Divertor
  • Impurity
  • Scrape-off layer
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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