Simultaneous Time-Delay and Data-Loss Compensation for Networked Control Systems with Energy-Efficient Network Interfaces

Takaharu Yamanaka, Kenta Yamada, Ryosuke Hotchi, Ryogo Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Networked control systems (NCSs), in which controllers and actuators are connected by communication networks, have been utilized in both industrial and consumer applications. In addition, sleep-based energy-efficient network interfaces have been developed for constructing a green networked society. The combination of the NCSs and energy-efficient network interfaces is a promising approach to reduce the power consumption of NCSs. However, sleeping of the network interface results in loss of data to be transmitted between a controller and an actuator. The sleep-induced data loss causes degradation of control performance. Moreover, NCSs originally include network delay for both forward and feedback paths, which also degrades control performance. This paper proposes a time-delay and data-loss compensation method using a modified communication disturbance observer (MCDOB) for NCSs with sleep-based energy-efficient interfaces. The proposed MCDOB can simultaneously compensate for not only the network delay but also sleep-induced data loss as a disturbance, whereas a conventional communication disturbance observer (CDOB) considers only network delay or network-induced data loss and cannot be directly introduced into the NCSs with sleep-based energy-efficient interfaces. Experimental results show that the proposed method with MCDOB outperforms the conventional method without the MCDOB in terms of integral square error (ISE) and communication rate, which indicates the power consumption of network interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9113295
Pages (from-to)110082-110092
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Communication disturbance observer
  • data loss
  • energy-efficient network
  • networked control system
  • time delay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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