Sirtuin-2, NAD-Dependent Deacetylase, Is a New Potential Therapeutic Target for HIV-1 Infection and HIV-Related Neurological Dysfunction

Clara Duran-Castells, Anuska Llano, Ai Kawana-Tachikawa, Anna Prats, Ignacio Martinez-Zalacain, Mie Kobayashi-Ishihara, Bruna Oriol-Tordera, Ruth Peña, Cristina Gálvez, Sandra Silva-Arrieta, Bonaventura Clotet, Eva Riveira-Muñoz, Esther Ballana, Julia G. Prado, Javier Martinez-Picado, Jorge Sanchez, Beatriz Mothe, Dennis Hartigan-O’Connor, Tony Wyss-Coray, Andreas MeyerhansMagnus Gisslén, Richard W. Price, Carles Soriano-Mas, José Antonio Muñoz-Moreno, Christian Brander, Marta Ruiz-Riol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The implementation and access to combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) have dramatically improved the quality of life of people living with HIV (PLWH). However, some comorbidities, such as neurological disorders associated with HIV infection still represent a serious clinical challenge. Soluble factors in plasma that are associated with control of HIV replication and neurological dysfunction could serve as early biomarkers and as new therapeutic targets for this comorbidity. We used a customized antibody array for determination of blood plasma factors in 40 untreated PLWH with different levels of viremia and found sirtuin-2 (SIRT2), an NAD-dependent deacetylase, to be strongly associated with elevated viral loads and HIV provirus levels, as well as with markers of neurological damage (a-synuclein [SNCA], brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], microtubule-associated protein tau [MAPT], and neurofilament light protein [NFL]). Also, longitudinal analysis in HIV-infected individuals with immediate (n = 9) or delayed initiation (n = 10) of cART revealed that after 1 year on cART, SIRT2 plasma levels differed between both groups and correlated inversely with brain orbitofrontal cortex involution. Furthermore, targeting SIRT2 with specific small-molecule inhibitors in in vitro systems using J-LAT A2 and primary glial cells led to diminished HIV replication and virus reactivation from latency. Our data thus identify SIRT2 as a novel biomarker of uncontrolled HIV infection, with potential impact on neurological dysfunction and offers a new therapeutic target for HIV treatment and cure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV reservoir
  • HIV-1
  • HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND)
  • neuroimaging
  • neurological disorder
  • plasma proteomics
  • virus infection control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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