Sleep stage detection using only heart rate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Getting enough quality sleep plays a vital role in protecting our mental health, physical health, and quality of life. Sleep deprivation can make it difficult to concentrate on daily activities, and lower sleep quality is associated with hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia. The amount of sleep we get is important, but in recent years, quality sleep has also been deemed significant. Polysomnography, which has been the gold standard in assessing sleep quality based on stages, requires that the subject be attached to electrodes, which can disrupt sleep. An easier method to objectively measure sleep is therefore needed. The aim of this study was to construct an easy and objective sleep stage monitoring method. A cross-sectional study for healthy subjects has been done in our research. A new easy model for monitoring the sleep stages is built on only heart rate calculated by the electrocardiogram. This enabled us to easily assess the sleep quality based on five stages. This experiment included a total of 50 subjects. The overall accuracy in determining the five sleep stages was 66.0 percent. Four stages for sleep are identified accurately compared with other conventional methods. Despite there are no five sleep stage separation method using only heart rate, our method achieved the five separation for sleep with a relatively good accuracy. This study represents a great contribution to the field of sleep science. Because sleep stages can be recognized by the heart rate alone, sleep can be noninvasively assessed with any heart rate meter. This method will make it easier to determine sleep stages and diagnose sleep disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-387
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Informatics Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1


  • heart rate variability
  • sleep stage detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics


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