Slurry Conditions for Reaction-Induced Slurry-Assisted Grinding of Optical Glass Lens

Tappei Kawasato, Hinata Takamaru, Kazuhisa Hamazono, Masahiko Fukuta, Katsutoshi Tanaka, Yusuke Chiba, Mikinori Nagano, Hidebumi Kato, Yasuhiro Kakinuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The demand for optical glass lenses is rising owing to the increase in image resolution. Optical glass is a hard and brittle material. Thus, an efficient and precise grinding method is required for optical glass to improve lens quality and productivity. There are a few methods of producing crack-free machined sur-faces; however, they provide only limited grinding ef-ficiency. To resolve this issue, the authors’ group has proposed the reaction-induced slurry-assisted (RISA) grinding method, which expands the range of ductile-regime grinding by utilizing the chemical–mechanical action of a cerium oxide slurry. In this study, the grinding performance of RISA grinding is experimen-tally evaluated for different pH levels. The results are compared using Tukey’s test, where surface roughness is considered as the characteristic value and the pH value as the analyzed factor. The result shows that RISA grinding efficiently produces a high-quality surface when the slurry is alkaline. The adhesion of cerium oxide abrasives to the wheel in RISA grinding follows the same mechanism as slurry aggregation. In addition, adhesion is more likely to occur when the alkalization of the slurry promotes aggregation. The tank in the slurry supply unit is replaced with a rotat-ing tank to ensure stable RISA grinding with a highly aggregable slurry while preventing aggregation. The performance evaluation shows that a high-quality surface with a surface roughness of less than 10 nm in most parts is obtained. Moreover, the critical depth of cut stably increases by a factor of 5.8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Automation Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan


  • chemical– mechanical grinding
  • optical glass
  • ultraprecision grinding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Slurry Conditions for Reaction-Induced Slurry-Assisted Grinding of Optical Glass Lens'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this