Stable detonation wave propagation in rectangular-cross-section curved channels

Hisahiro Nakayama, Takahiro Moriya, Jiro Kasahara, Akiko Matsuo, Yuya Sasamoto, Ikkoh Funaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)


The detonation propagation phenomena in curved channels were experimentally studied in order to determine the stable propagation condition. A stoichiometric ethylene-oxygen mixture gas and five types of rectangular-cross-section curved channels with different inner radii of curvature were employed. The detonation waves propagating through the curved channels were visualized using a high-speed video camera. Multi-frame short-time open-shutter photography (MSOP) was developed in the present study to simultaneously observe the front shock shape of the detonation wave and the trajectories of triple points on the detonation wave. The detonation wave became more stable under the conditions of a higher filling pressure of the mixture gas and/or a larger inner radius of curvature of the curved channel. The critical condition under which the propagation mode of the detonation wave transitioned from unstable to stable was having an inner radius of curvature of the curved channel (r i) equivalent to 21-32 times the normal detonation cell width (λ). In the stable propagation mode, the normal detonation velocity (D n) increased with the distance from the inner wall of the curved channel and approached the velocity of the planar detonation propagating through the straight section of the curved channel (D str). The smallest D n was observed on the inner wall and decreased with decreasing r i/λ. The distribution of D n on the detonation wave in the stable mode was approximately formulated. The approximated D n given by the formula agreed well with the experimental results. The front shock shape of the detonation wave could be reconstructed accurately using the formula. The local curvature of the detonation wave (κ) nondimensionalized by λ decreased with increasing distance from the inner wall. The largest λκ was observed on the inner wall and increased with increasing r i/λ. D n/D str decreased with increasing λκ. This nondimensionalized D n-κ relation was nearly independent of r i/λ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-869
Number of pages11
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb


  • Cell width
  • Curvature
  • Curved channel
  • Detonation wave
  • Triple point trajectory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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