We have measured physicochemical properties of five alkyltrimethylammonium cation-based room-temperature ionic liquids and compared them with those obtained from computational methods. We have found that static properties (density and refractive index) and transport properties (ionic conductivity, self-diffusion coefficient, and viscosity) of these ionic liquids show close relations with the length of the alkyl chain. In particular, static properties obtained by experimental methods exhibit a trend complementary to that by computational methods (refractive index ∞ [polarizability/molar volume]). Moreover, the self-diffusion coefficient obtained by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was consistent with the data obtained by the pulsed-gradient spin-echo nuclear magnetic resonance technique, which suggests that computational methods can be supplemental tools to predict physicochemical properties of room-temperature ionic liquids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry